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STEP-RB - Phase I Sustained-Release Topotecan Episcleral Plaque (Chemoplaque) for Retinoblastoma

Closed to enrollment

STEP-RB - Phase I Sustained-Release Topotecan Episcleral Plaque (Chemoplaque) for Retinoblastoma

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DiagnosisRetinoblastoma Study StatusClosed to enrollment
AgeChild - (up to 17 Years)RandomisationNO
Line of treatmentFirst line treatment, Disease relapse or progression
Routes of Treatment AdministrationTopotecan - administered using an episcleral plaque (chemoplaque), an implant which contains topotecan (drug). The implant is attached to the outside of the eye and delivers topotecan directly into the eye.
Last Posted Update2024-01-09 #NCT04428879
International Sponsor
The Hospital for Sick Children
Principal Investigators for Canadian Sites
The Hospital for Sick Children - Daniel Morgenstern
Medical contact

Dr. Daniel Morgenstern

Social worker/patient navigator contact

Karen Fung

Clinical research contact

New Agent and Innovative Therapies (NAIT)




Study Description

Brief Summary:

This single site, single-arm, non-randomized, dose escalation phase I toxicity clinical trial will assess primarily the safety and secondarily the efficacy of episcleral topotecan in patients with active residual or recurrent intraocular retinoblastoma in at least one eye following completion of first-line therapy.

Detailed Description:

Retinoblastoma is the most common pediatric malignant intraocular tumour and originates from the retina. Treatment of eyes with advanced intraocular retinoblastoma remains a challenge. The historic standard of care for patients with unilateral disease is enucleation and for those with bilateral disease, a variety of modalities have been tried. These include radiation therapy, systemic chemotherapy, periocular administration of chemotherapy, selective intra-arterial chemotherapy, and intravitreal chemotherapy. Unfortunately, all of these modalities are associated with significant morbidity and investigators are looking for new ways to treat these patients either with novel directed drug delivery methods or with new less toxic agents. This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of topotecan delivered directly to the eye using a novel sustained-release topotecan episcleral plaque (also referred to as a Chemoplaque) in patients with active residual or recurrent intraocular retinoblastoma in at least one eye following completion of first-line therapy. The study intervention involves the insertion and removal of the Chemoplaque, examinations under anaesthesia (EUAs), visits to clinic to monitor for adverse events throughout, and post plaque removal toxicity evaluation. EUAs, clinic visits and laboratory tests are standard of care for retinoblastoma patients.

Inclusion Criteria
  1. Age. Participants must be <18 years of age.
  2. Diagnosis and Treatment. Participants must have: (i) active residual or recurrent intraocular retinoblastoma in at least one eye following completion of first-line therapy (chemotherapy, systemic or intra-arterial, focal therapy or brachytherapy) or (ii) unilateral Group D retinoblastoma at diagnosis with no previous treatment.
  3. One eye will be the Study Eye. When participants have two eyes with retinoblastoma, the eye with worst disease or best vision potential will be designated the Study Eye. There will only be one eye per child treated in this Phase I study, since treatment of two eyes would double the systemic dose of drug. The Non-study eye will be treated by standard of care, with only focal therapy during the Study Period, if required.
  4. Disease status. Study eye must have vision potential and no clinical features suggestive of high risk of extraocular extension.
  5. Performance status. Lansky play score ≥ 50 if <16 years of age; Karnofsky performance scale of ≥ 50 if ≥16 years of age (Appendix I)
  6. Organ function:

    1. Adequate bone marrow function and platelet count
    2. Adequate renal function
    3. Adequate liver function
  7. Pregnancy prevention. Females of reproductive potential must agree to the use of highly effective contraception during study participation and for an additional 40 days after the end of the Chemoplaque administration
  8. Informed consent. All participants and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. Assent, where appropriate, will also be obtained.
Exclusion Criteria
  1. Disease status. Participants known to have any of the following:

    1. tumour involving the optic nerve rim
    2. clinical or EUA evidence of extraocular extension
    3. evidence of metastatic retinoblastoma
    4. existing neuroimaging showing suspicion of, or definitive, optic nerve invasion, trilateral retinoblastoma or extra-ocular extension.
  2. Allergy. Participants with reported allergy to topotecan, camptothecin or derivatives thereof.
  3. Concomitant treatment. Participants may not receive chemotherapy or other focal retinoblastoma therapy or any other investigational agent within 3 weeks of the placement and removal of the Chemoplaque, nor while the Chemoplaque is in situ.
  4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness. Participants with known uncontrolled intercurrent illness that, in the investigator's opinion, would put the participant at undue risk or limit compliance with the study requirements.
  5. Febrile illness. Participants with clinically significant febrile illness (as determined by the investigator) within one week prior to initiation of protocol therapy.
  6. Pregnancy and lactation. Females of reproductive potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to initiation of protocol therapy. Due to the unknown but potential risk for adverse events (AEs) in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with the study agents, breastfeeding must be discontinued if the mother is treated on study.
  7. Compliance. Any condition of diagnosis that could in the opinion of the Principal Investigator or delegate interfere with the participant's ability to comply with the study instruction, might confound the interpretation of the study results, or put the participant at risk.